When you are sick:
- Always take your medication (insulin or oral hypoglycemic agent). The dosage may be adjusted by your doctor is necessary.
- Try to follow your meal plan if you can eat.
- Drink plenty of water to prevent dehydration.
- Test your blood glucose every 2-4 hours. If you know you're low, test more frequently.
- Test your urine or blood for ketones if your blood glucose reading is higher than 14 mmol/L (or as suggested by your doctor).
Seek medical attention from a doctor or emergency room if, for example:
- You have been vomiting or having diarrhea for more than 4 hours.
- You are unable to eat or drink.
- Your blood glucose values have been higher than 17 mmol/L for more than 12 hours.
- You have moderate to large amounts of ketones in your urine (or if blood ketones >1.5 mmol/L)
- You show signs of dehydration like a dry mouth, cracked lips, dry skin or sunken eyes.
- Your chest hurts, your breath smells fruity, you are having trouble breathing or you can't think clearly.
- You are not certain what to do to take care of yourself or have any questions or worries about your symptoms or illness.